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391st Bombardment Group (Medium)

Activated on January 21, 1943 and equipped with B-26 Marauders, the 391stdeployed to England with the Ninth Air Force in January 1944. Constituent units included the 572nd, 573rd, 574thand 575thbombardment squadrons. The group entered combat on February 15, and bombed airfields, marshalling yards, bridges, and V-weapon rocket sites in France and the Low Countries to prepare for the invasion of Normandy. The 391stattacked enemy defenses along the invasion beaches on June 6 and 7, attacked fuel dumps and troop concentrations during the breakthrough at St. Lo, and struck transportation targets and communications nodes to block the enemy’s retreat thereafter. The group began flying missions from bases in France in September, extending its area of operations into Germany and continuing attacks against railroads, highways, troops, bridges, ammunition dumps, and other targets. 

Lt. W.W. Wolfe and crew of the 574th Bombardment Squadron, 391st Bombardment Group, pose beside a B-26 Marauder, England.

Activated on January 21, 1943 and equipped with B-26 Marauders, the 391stdeployed to England with the Ninth Air Force in January 1944. Constituent units included the 572nd, 573rd, 574thand 575thbombardment squadrons. The group entered combat on February 15, and bombed airfields, marshalling yards, bridges, and V-weapon rocket sites in France and the Low Countries to prepare for the invasion of Normandy. The 391stattacked enemy defenses along the invasion beaches on June 6 and 7, attacked fuel dumps and troop concentrations during the breakthrough at St. Lo, and struck transportation targets and communications nodes to block the enemy’s retreat thereafter. The group began flying missions from bases in France in September, extending its area of operations into Germany and continuing attacks against railroads, highways, troops, bridges, ammunition dumps, and other targets. 

B-26 Marauders from the 574th Bombardment Squadron, 391st Bombardment Group dropping bombs during their 200th mission.

Campaigns: Air Offensive, Europe; Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe