The 92ndBombardment Group was constituted on January 28, 1942 and activated on March 1. The group was trained with B-17s and performed antisubmarine duty. It moved to England between July and August, and was assigned to the Eighth Air Force. The 92ndflew a few combat missions in September and October, and then trained replacement crews. It began bombardment of strategic objectives in May 1943 and engaged primarily in such operations throughout the war. Targets from May 1943 to February 1944 included shipyards at Kiel, ball bearing plants at Schweinfurt, submarine installations at Wilhelmshaven, a tire plant at Hannover, airfields near Paris, an aircraft factory at Nantes, and a magnesium mine and reducing plant in Norway. Flight Officer John C. Morgan, co-pilot, received the Medal of Honor for action aboard a B-17 during a mission over Europe on July 26, 1943.
When the aircraft was attacked by enemy fighters, the pilot suffered a brain injury which left him in a crazed condition. For two hours Morgan flew in formation with one hand at the controls and the other holding off the struggling pilot who was attempting to fly the plane. Finally another crew member was able to assist in the situation and the B-17 made a safe landing at its base.
Although handicapped by weather conditions, enemy fire and insufficient fighter protection, the group bombed aircraft factories in central Germany on January 11, 1944 and received a Distinguished Unit Citation for the mission. The 92nd took part in the intensive campaign of heavy bombers against the German aircraft industry during Big Week (February 20-25). After that, it attacked V-weapon sites in France; airfields in France, Germany, and the Low Countries; and industrial targets in France, Germany, and Belgium, making concentrated strikes on oil and transportation facilities after October. In addition to strategic missions, the 92ndBombardment Group performed some interdictory and support operations.
It assisted the Normandy invasion in June 1944 by hitting gun emplacements, junctions, and marshalling yards in the beachhead area; supported ground forces at St. Lo during the breakthrough in July; bombed gun positions and bridges to aid the airborne assault on Holland in September; participated in the Battle of the Bulge from December 1944 to January 1945 by attacking bridges and marshalling yards in and near the battle area; bombed airfields near the landing zone to cover the airborne assault across the Rhine in March 1945; and moved to France in June and transported troops from Marseilles to Casablanca for return to the United States. It was inactivated in France on February 28, 1946.
Campaigns: Antisubmarine, American Theater; Air Offensive, Europe; Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe