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30th Infantry Division

The 30th Infantry Division arrived in England on February 22, 1944 and trained until June. It landed at Omaha Beach on June 15, secured the Vire-et-Taute Canal, crossed the Vire River on July 7, and beginning on July 25 spearheaded the St. Lo break-through. The day after the division relieved the 1st Infantry Division near Mortain on August 6, the German drive to Avranches began. Fighting in place with all available personnel, the 30th frustrated enemy plans and broke the enemy spearhead in a week of violent struggle from August 7 to 12. 

Men of the 120th Infantry Regiment, 30th Infantry Division move up to the front lines near Warden, Germany. November 21, 1944.

The division drove east through Belgium, crossing the Meuse River at Vise and Liege on September 10. Elements entered Holland on September 12, and Maastricht fell the next day. Taking up positions along the Wurm River, the 30th launched its attack on the Siegfried Line on October 2, and succeeded in contacting the 1st Division on October 16, and encircling Aachen. After a rest period, the division eliminated an enemy salient northeast of Aachen on November 16, pushed to the Inde River at Altdorf on November 28, then moved to rest areas. On December 17 the division rushed south to the Malmedy-Stavelot area to help block the powerful enemy drive in the Battle of the Ardennes. 

Three soldiers from the 30th Infantry Division in Malmedy, December 29, 1944.
Men from the American 30th Infantry Division in a firefight somewhere east of the Rhine River at the end of March, 1945.
The 30th Infantry Division crosses a section of the Roer River near Julich, Germany, February 23, 1945.

It launched a counteroffensive on January 13, 1945 and reached a point two miles south of St. Vith on January 26, before leaving the Battle of the Bulge and moving to an assembly area near Lierneux on January 27, and to another near Aachen to prepare for the Roer offensive. The Roer River was crossed on February 23 near Julich. The 30th moved back for training and rehabilitation on March 6, and on March 24 made its assault crossing of the Rhine. It pursued the enemy across Germany, mopping up enemy pockets of resistance, took Hamelin on April 7, Braunschweig on April 12, and helped reduce Magdeburg on April 17. The Russians were contacted at Grunewald on the Elbe River. After a short occupation period, the 30th began moving for home, arriving on August 19.

Activated: September 16, 1940

Overseas: February 11, 1944

Campaigns: Normandy, Northern France, Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, Central Europe

Days of combat: 282

Distinguished Unit Citations: 8

Awards: Medal of Honor-6; Distinguished Service Cross-50; Distinguished Service Medal-1; Silver Star-1,773; Legion of Merit-12; Distinguished Flying Cross-3; Soldier's Medal-30; Bronze Star Medal-6,616; Achievement Medal-154

Returned to United States: August 19, 1945

Inactivated: November 25, 1945

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