The 9th Infantry Division saw its first combat in the North African invasion on November 8, 1942 when its elements landed at Algiers, Safi, and Port Lyautey. With the collapse of French resistance on November 11 the division patrolled the Spanish Moroccan border. The 9th returned to Tunisia in February 1943 and engaged in small defensive actions and patrol activity. On March 28 it launched an attack in southern Tunisia and fought its way north into Bizerte on May 7.
In August the 9th landed at Palermo, Sicily, and took part in the capture of Randazzo and Messina. After returning to England for further training, the division hit Utah Beach on June 10, 1944 (D plus 4), cut off the Cotentin Peninsula, drove on to Cherbourg and penetrated the port's heavy defenses. After a brief rest in July, the division took part in the St. Lo break-through and in August helped close the Falaise Gap.
Turning east, the 9th crossed the Marne on August 28, swept through Saarlautern, and in November and December held defensive positions from Monschau to Losheim. Moving north to Bergrath, Germany it launched an attack toward the Roer on December 10, taking Echtz and Schlich. From mid-December through January 1945, the division held defensive positions from Kalterherberg to Elsenborn.
On January 30 the division jumped off from Monschau in a drive across the Roer and to the Rhine, crossing at Remagen on March 7. After breaking out of the Remagen bridgehead, the 9th assisted in the sealing and clearing of the Ruhr Pocket, then moved 150 miles east to Nordhausen and attacked in the Harz Mountains from April 14 to 20. On April 21 the division relieved the 3rd Armored along the Mulde River, near Dessau, and held that line until V-E Day.
Activated: August 1, 1940
Overseas: December 11, 1942
Campaigns: Algeria-French Morocco, Tunisia, Sicily, Normandy, North France, Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, Central Europe
Days of combat: 304
Distinguished Unit Citations: 24
Awards: Medal of Honor-4; Distinguished Service Cross-76; Distinguished Service Medal-3; Silver Star-2,282; Legion of Merit-19; Distinguished Flying Cross-2; Soldier's Medal-100; Bronze Star Medal-6,593; Achievement Medal-129
Inactivated: 15 January 1947