305th Infantry Regiment, 77th Infantry Division
Plot F, Row 5, Grave 19
Sgt. James Sutherland was a part of the 77th Division, the first National Army division to arrive in France. On June 19, 1918 it moved to the Baccarat Sector in Lorraine, relieving the American 42nd Division. The French began to withdraw a month later, and the 77th held the “quiet” sector until August 4, 1918.
In the opening stage of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, the 77th attacked on the left of the American First Army, with the 1st Cavalry Division of French Fourth Army to its west.
The 77th Division’s WWI casualties totaled 1,992 dead and 8,505 wounded. Several of its units were cut off for five days behind German lines near Binarville, constituting the famous “Lost Battalion.” The 77th advanced 71.5 kilometers against resistance during the offensive, further than any other American division.
Sutherland led his platoon up the steep slope of a ravine under heavy machinegun fire on October 3, 1918. During the advance he was seriously wounded and died later that day.
Awards: Distinguished Service Cross
James Sutherland is buried in Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery Plot F, Row 5, Grave 19.