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90th Division - The Alamo Division

The 90th Division initially was manned by draftees from Texas and Oklahoma. Subsequent additions included draftees from Illinois, Minnesota, North Dakota, and South Dakota. For their insignia, the division created a monogram design with the letters “O” and “T” to reflect the home states of the division’s first draftees.

The “Alamo” Division made its first attack on September 12, 1918 as part of the St. Mihiel Offensive. They advanced to the Bois de Frière and Bois St. Claude on the 12th and continued the advance on the 13th, capturing Villers-sous-Prény and the Bois des Rappes. On the 14th they pushed on to the southern slope of Cote 327 and on to Cote 327 itself on the 15th.

During the Meuse-Argonne Offensive (September 26 - November 11, 1918) the 90th Division broke through a formidable section of the Hindenburg Line called the Freya Stellung. This, along with the subsequent crossing of the Meuse River, was an important triumph for the Allies. During the final offensive, the “Alamo” Division captured fourteen villages and advanced twenty-two kilometers against a determined and entrenched enemy.

Two men of the 90th Infantry Division operate a machine gun in the Bois des Rappes on October 25, 1918.

Constituent Units of the 90th Division

179th Infantry Brigade

  • 357th Infantry Regiment
  • 358th Infantry Regiment
  • 344th Machine Gun Battalion

180th Infantry Brigade

  • 359th Infantry Regiment
  • 360th Infantry Regiment
  • 345th Machine Gun Battalion

165th Field Artillery Brigade

  • 343rd Field Artillery Regiment
  • 344th Field Artillery Regiment
  • 345th Field Artillery Regiment
  • 315th Trench Mortar Battery

Divisional Troops

  • 343rd Machine Gun Battalion
  • 315th Engineer Regiment
  • 315th Field Signal Battalion
  • Headquarters Troops
90th Division Insignia stained glass in the memorial chapel at the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery.