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89th Division - Middle West Division

The 89th Division, National Army, was established at Camp Funston, Kan. on August 5, 1917. The demographics of the division’s original personnel, and its HQ location in Kansas, earned the 89th the nickname the “Middle West Division.” The insignia chosen for the division reflected its nickname—an olive drab disc bordered in black, with a black letter “W” in the middle.

Men of 89th Infantry Division hauling ammunition through Remonville, France. November 2, 1918.

On September 12, 1918 the Allies launched the St. Mihiel Offensive to reduce a strong German salient (a salient being an area that projects into the enemy’s defensive line), cut German communications, and secure Allied flanks for future offensives. During the offensive the 89th Division participated in the capture of the Bois de Mort-Ware, Bouillonville, Euvezin, Beney, and Xames. During the Meuse-Argonne Offensive (September 26, 1918 - November 11, 1918) soldiers of the 89th Division captured the fiercely contested Bois de Bantheville, took the heights of Barricourt, and crossed the Meuse River to occupy the high ground to its north on November 10, 1918.

89th Infantry Division troops behind a barricade, Stenay, France. November 11, 1918.

Constituent Units of the 89th Division

177th Infantry Brigade

  • 353rd Infantry Regiment
  • 354th Infantry Regiment
  • 341st Machine Gun Battalion

178th Infantry Brigade

  • 355th Infantry Regiment
  • 356th Infantry Regiment
  • 342nd Machine Gun Battalion

164th Field Artillery Brigade

  • 340th Field Artillery Regiment
  • 341st Field Artillery Regiment
  • 342nd Field Artillery Regiment
  • 314th Trench Mortar Battery

Divisional Troops

  • 340th Machine Gun Battalion
  • 314th Engineer Regiment
  • 314th Field Signal Battalion
  • Headquarters Troops
89th Division Insignia stained glass in the memorial chapel at the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery.
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