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88th Division - Blue Devils Division

The 88th Division, National Army, was established at Camp Dodge, Iowa on August 5, 1917. Initial draftees assigned to the division came from Illinois (9,366), Iowa (12,749), Minnesota (17,778), and North Dakota (5,272). To highlight the four states that formed the core of the division, the insignia chosen was a royal blue four-leaf clover—one leaf for each state. From May to July 1918 draftees from Missouri, Nebraska, and South Dakota brought the division up to strength.

Gen. John J. Pershing inspecting one of the regiments of the 88th Infantry Division.

All elements of the division were on French soil by September 7, 1918. Most of the 88thDivision’s service in the Great War was spent in training. Many essential supplies were diverted to troops fighting in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. On September 23, 1918 the division assumed responsibility for the Center Sector, Haute-Alsace.

A view of a street in Brechaumont, Haute Alsace Sector, where the raid of October 12, 1918 took place. Soldiers of the 88th Infantry Division were awarded the French Croix de Guerre for their heroism during this raid.

German storm troopers made frequent raids on the 88th’s lines, and the 88thretaliated with punishing combat patrols. An epidemic of Spanish Influenza hit the division hard as the fighting waned. Soldiers wearing the blue cloverleaf insignia arrived back in the United States at Newport News, Va. on June 1, 1919.

Constituent Units of the 88thDivision

175thInfantry Brigade

  • 349thInfantry Regiment
  • 350thInfantry Regiment
  • 338thMachine Gun Battalion

176thInfantry Brigade

  • 351stInfantry Regiment
  • 352ndInfantry Regiment
  • 339thMachine Gun Battalion

163rdField Artillery Brigade

  • 337thField Artillery Regiment
  • 338thField Artillery Regiment
  • 339thField Artillery Regiment
  • 313thTrench Mortar Battery

Divisional Troops

  • 337thMachine Gun Battalion
  • 313thEngineer Regiment
  • 313thField Signal Battalion
  • Headquarters Troop
88th Division Insignia stained glass in the memorial chapel at the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery.