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82nd Division - All American Division

The 82nd Division National Army, was established at Camp Gordon, Ga. on August 5, 1917. Draftees from Alabama (5,596), Georgia (18,337), and Tennessee (14,528) formed the core of the division. In October large numbers of National Army soldiers were transferred and draftees from throughout New England and the Mid-Atlantic states arrived as replacements. This brought the division up to full strength. Every state was represented in the ranks of the 82ndby time it embarked to Europe. Because of this, the division adopted the suitable moniker of “All American Division.”

During the St. Mihiel Offensive, the 82ndmaintained contact with the U.S. 90thDivision on its left and captured Norroy and Vandieres. The division’s 328thInfantry Regiment suffered particularly heavy casualties during the fighting.

Soldiers of 2nd Battalion, 326th Infantry Regiment, 82nd Division, at the Argonne Forest, west of Marcq.

On October 6, 1918 the 82ndmoved into line between the U.S. 1stand 28thDivisions north of Varennes. The American high command decided to initiate a daring attack on the enemy’s flank west of the Aire River to reinvigorate the Meuse-Argonne offensive. The 82ndand the 28thDivisions led this attack. The Argonne Forest was expediently cleared, allowing a significant American advance. The division took part in the capture of Cornay, Marcq and St. Juvin, and pierced the formidable Kriemhilde-Stellung fortifications.

It was relived on October 31, 1918 after a hard month of fighting.

Camp of the 307th Ammunition Train, 82nd Division, near Chà hà ry, October 30, 1918.

Constituent Units of the 82ndDivision

163rdInfantry Brigade

  • 325thInfantry Regiment
  • 326thInfantry Regiment
  • 320thMachine Gun Battalion

164thInfantry Brigade

  • 327thInfantry Regiment
  • 328thInfantry Regiment
  • 321stMachine Gun Battalion

157thField Artillery Brigade

  • 319thField Artillery Regiment
  • 320thField Artillery Regiment
  • 321stField Artillery Regiment
  • 307thTrench Mortar Battery

Divisional Troops

  • 319thMachine Gun Battalion
  • 307thEngineer Regiment
  • 307thField Signal Battalion
  • Headquarters Troops
82nd Division Insignia stained glass in the memorial chapel at the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery.