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37th Division - The Buckeye Division

Officials from Ohio lobbied for a National Guard Division drawn entirely from Ohio. They achieved a partial victory with the organization of the 37thDivision, nicknamed the “Buckeye” Division, on July 18, 1917 from the former 16thOhio National Guard Division reinforced by West Virginia troops. Many of the Ohio troops had recently served on the Mexican border against the bandit Pancho Villa.

After training at Camp Lee, Va. the division departed for Europe in June 1918. Once in France it traveled to the Bourmont Area for further training. The “Buckeyes” entered the front lines for the first time on August 4, 1918, when they took over the Baccarat Sector of the Western front in Lorraine.

On September 22, 1918 just before the start of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, the division moved to the Avocourt Sector north of La Cour to relieve the 79th Division. They moved into the front line on September 25, 1918 in preparation for the main offensive on September 26, 1918.

Men of the 112th Field Signal Battalion, 37th Division, sit waiting to advance at Avocourt, on September 26, 1918.

Attacking in the center of U.S. V Corps, the 37th advanced five kilometers on the first day. They pressed on, passing the Montfaucon Woods and contested the village of Ivoiry, although stiff enemy resistance prevented it from being captured and held that day. They pressed on and reached the Bois de Cierges before being relieved by the 32nd Division on October 1, 1918. They redeployed to secure the St. Mihiel sector, and redeployed again to participate in the Ypres-Lys Offensive. Here they forced the Scheldt River twice and broke through determined enemy resistance.

Montfaucon Wood and the German trench system over which the 79th and 37th Divisions advanced in the initial charge of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive.

Constituent Units of the 37th Division

73rdInfantry Brigade

  • 145thInfantry Regiment
  • 146thInfantry Regiment
  • 135thMachine Gun Battalion

74thInfantry Brigade

  • 147thInfantry Regiment
  • 148thInfantry Regiment
  • 136thMachine Gun Battalion

62ndField Artillery Brigade

  • 134thField Artillery Regiment
  • 135thField Artillery Regiment
  • 136thField Artillery Regiment
  • 112thTrench-Mortar Battery

Divisional Troops

  • 134thMachine Gun Battalion
  • 112thEngineer Regiment
  • 112thField Signal Battalion
  • Headquarters Troop Trains
37th Division Insignia stained glass in the memorial chapel at the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery.