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35th Division - The Santa Fe Division

The 35thDivision of the U.S. Army National Guard formed on July 18, 1917 from the former 14thNational Guard Division. Composed of troops from Kansas and Missouri, the 35thDivision came together at Camp Doniphan in Oklahoma on August 23 1917. For its insignia, the division chose a wagon wheel containing the Santa Fe Cross in the center. This symbol represented the Santa Fe Trail that led pioneers to the American West, homage to the division’s Western roots.

On July 27, 1918 the entire Division occupied the northern half of the Wesserling Sector, called the Fecht Sector, where they remained until August 13, 1918. They moved to the Foret de Haye west of Nancy, where it acted as a reserve during the St. Mihiel Offensive.

Infantrymen of the 28th and 35th Divisions in Varennes, September 1918.

On September 15, 1918 it was transferred to the Naives-devant-Bar area, now part of the U.S. I Corps. The division prepared for the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. It made its first attack on September 26, 1918 and by 1 October had captured the towns of Vauquois, Verennes, Cheppy, Charpentry, and Baulny. After this success, the 35th Division was relieved by the 1st Division on October 1, 1918.

The “Santa Fe” Division moved to the Sommedieue Sector west of St. Mihiel, and then to St. Mihiel itself. After the Armistice ended hostilities on November 11, 1918, the 35th Division helped enforce the terms of the armistice and salvage materiel.

Artillerymen under command of Col. William Tidball of the 35th Division, firing upon enemy lines beyond Verdun in the Argonne advance.

Constituent Units of the 35th Division

69thInfantry Brigade

  • 137thInfantry Regiment
  • 138thInfantry Regiment
  • 129thMachine Gun Battalion

70thInfantry Brigade

  • 139thInfantry Regiment
  • 140thInfantry Regiment
  • 130thMachine Gun Battalion

60thField Artillery Brigade

  • 128thField Artillery Regiment
  • 129thField Artillery Regiment
  • 130thField Artillery Regiment
  • 110thTrench-Mortar Battery

Divisional Troops

  • 128th Machine Gun Battalion
  • 110thEngineer Regiment
  • 110thField Signal Battalion
  • Headquarters Troops
35th Division Insignia stained glass in the memorial chapel at the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery.